A Cross of Thorns: The Enslavement of California’s Indians by Elias Castillo PDF

By Elias Castillo

A move of Thorns demanding situations this mythologized heritage and provides the proof of the Spanish career of California, describing the darkish and vicious truth of challenge lifestyles. starting in 1769, California Indians have been en­ticed into the missions, the place they and their descendents have been imprisoned for 60 years of compelled hard work and day-by-day beatings. The chilling depictions of colonial cruelty in A pass of Thorns are in line with little recognized church and Spanish govt files and letters written by means of the founding father of California’s challenge, Friar Junipero Serra (who advo­cated the whipping of project Indians as a customary policy), and released first-hand debts of 18th and nineteenth century travelers.

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A Cross of Thorns: The Enslavement of California’s Indians by the Spanish Missions by Elias Castillo


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